(Ages up to 1 year of age) Refer to Adult CPR for CAB assessment and Rescue Breathing skill (2015 guidelines)
CPR for infants is similar to performing CPR for adults. However, there are five important differences:
- If you are ALONE finding the infant unresponsive, give two minutes of CPR before calling 911. Two minutes is about 5 cycles of 30 compressions and two breaths. Retrieve an AED if available.
- Use two or three fingers for chest compressions, locating just below the nipple line.
- Press down on the sternum one-third to one-half the depth of the chest – about 1 1/2 inches.
- Give 30 compressions followed by 2 Breaths about a second apart. Give just enough air to make the chest rise; this will decrease the chance of vomiting – you will use a smaller volume of air compared to an adult. The rate of compressions remains 100-120/minute.
- IF 2 persons are performing CPR the compression to breath ratio changes to 15 compressions and 2 breaths, with the 2 thumb encircling hands technique.
CPR should be continued until AED or advance life support arrives, or there are obvious signs of life; otherwise no reassessment once CPR is initiated.