/clinical/,/clinical/references/,/clinical/references/laboratory-services/,/clinical/references/laboratory-services/specimen/,/clinical/references/laboratory-services/specimen/urine-collection/,

/clinical/references/laboratory-services/specimen/urine-collection/

201411307

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UWHC,

Laboratory,

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Clinical Hub,References,Laboratory Services,Specimen Collection, Container Types and Processing (UWHC)

Urine Collection

Urine Collection - Clinical Hub, References, Laboratory Services, Specimen Collection, Container Types and Processing (UWHC)

Focus

It is recommended that the collection container be labeled with specimen identification information prior to giving the container to the patient for urine collection.

Random Midstream Urine Collection

Supplies

  1. Sterile urine container
  2. Antiseptic towelettes

Patient Instructions—Female (See Health Facts for You: HFFY 4236)

  1. Read through all the instructions prior to starting.
  2. Wash your hands with soap and water. Dry your hands with clean paper towels.
  3. Open the urine container. Do not touch the inside of the container or cover. Open the three towelette packages.
  4. Cleanse the urinary area with towelettes as follows:
    • Find a stable position, either sitting on or squatting above the toilet
    • Use the forefingers of one hand to separate folds (labia) around urinary opening. Keep the labia separated while you cleanse.
    • Cleanse the right side of labia with one towelette: wipe slowly from front to back once. Then throw out towelette. With a second towelette, cleanse the left side the same way.  Throw out towelette.
    • Cleanse center area with third towelette. Wipe slowly from front to back once. Then throw out towelette.
  5. Keep the labia apart, and urinate a small amount into the toilet. While urinating, move the container into the urine stream to catch a sample. Stop the flow and finish urinating into the toilet. The container does not have to be filled to the top.
  6. Screw the cover on urine container and give to the appropriate health personnel.
  7. If you have difficulty collecting a sample, notify clinic or laboratory staff before leaving. We will check to make sure we have enough sample to complete the testing.

Patient Instructions—Male (See HFFY 4247)

  1. Read through all the instructions prior to starting.
  2. Wash your hands with soap and water. Dry your hands with clean paper towels.
  3. Open the urine container. Do not touch the inside of the container or cover. Open one towelette package.
  4. Cleanse the head of the penis with towelette. If you are not circumcised, pull foreskin back to cleanse head of penis. Hold foreskin back during urination. Throw out towelette.
  5. Urinate a small amount into the toilet. Then bring the urine container into the urine stream to catch a sample. Finish urinating into the toilet. The container does not have to be filled to the top.
  6. Screw the cover on urine container and give to the appropriate health personnel.
  7. If you have difficulty collecting a sample, notify clinic or laboratory staff before leaving. We will check to make sure we have enough sample to complete the testing.

Timed Urine Collections

Supplies

  1. Large plastic urine jug - approximately 3000 mL capacity
  2. Females - urine collection basin

Patient Instructions

Do not add anything but urine to the container. The jug is labeled with instructions for how to collect your urine.

Please be careful to follow the instructions to collect a 24-hour urine sample.

  1. When you wake up on the day you start to collect your urine, urinate (void) into the toilet. Do not put this first urine in the jug.
  2. Write the date and time that you voided this urine into the toilet on the label as the STARTING DATE/TIME.
  3. During the next 24 hours, collect all of the urine you void into the jug.
  4. When you wake up the next day, you will empty your bladder and add this urine to the urine in the jug.
  5. Write the date and time of this void ad the ENDING DATE/TIME on the label.

Make sure you wake up around the same time both days. The starting and ending times must be about the same on both days (within one hour). During the time you are saving your urine, store the jug in the refrigerator.

The jug must be labeled with two different forms of identification. Your full name and medical record number are preferred. Your full name and date of birth are also okay. Seal tightly and take the 24-hour urine jug to the Outpatient Lab at the hospital or any of the UWHC satellite clinics. See uwhealth.org/lab for sites. When you deliver the specimen, the lab staff must double check the jug, while you are present, to be sure that it is labeled as it should be before it will be accepted for testing.

Your test results will be sent to your health care provider. You will get the test results by phone, letter, or at your next clinic visit.

Urine Drug Screen Collections

Urine drug screen testing is done for a variety of reasons: detection of inappropriate drug use or compliance testing for the management of medications. The appropriate specimen for this testing is a random urine specimen collected in a sterile container. 

UW Health Laboratories do not provide drug testing for legal purposes or collections involving chain of custody documentation. Lab staff may not witness urine collections, blue the toilet water, turn off the water to the bathroom or sign any chain of custody documents.

Questions can be addressed to Dr. David Yang (263-5965 or dtyang@wisc.edu) or Leanne Preston, Director, Lab Services (287-2782 or leanne.preston@uwmf.wisc.edu).