Nebulizer Cleaning and Disinfecting
for Patients with Cystic Fibrosis
The CF Foundation recommends that you clean and disinfect each nebulizer
cup after each use.
Why it is important to clean and disinfect after each treatment
o Germs can contaminate your nebulizer which could lead to lung infection
o Cleaning and disinfecting your nebulizer as directed will help get the most medicine
to your lungs
o If your nebulizer cup is disposable it may not stand up to any heat methods, so
use a cold method.
Steps for nebulizer care
1. Wash hands
2. Using a basin fill with water and dish detergent, wash your nebulizer cup, lid and
3. Rinse well with tap water
1. Place in pan, cover with water and boil for 5 minutes on stove top
2. Place in microwavable bowl, fill with water and microwave for 5 minutes
3. Place in dishwasher, must be able to heat to 158° for 30 minutes
4. Electric steam sterilizer such as a baby bottle steamer (one that has a 6-8 minute
1. Soak in 3% hydrogen peroxide for 30 minutes or
Soak in 70 – 90% isopropyl (rubbing alcohol) for 5 minutes
2. Rinse using sterile water to avoid contaminating your disinfected equipment with
germs in the water. To make water sterile: Heat a bowl of water for 5 minutes; this
will remove any impurities from the water. Let cool. You should not save this water.
3.) After disinfecting let your nebulizer air dry on a clean towel.
o If your nebulizer has metal parts such as Altera® / Trio® / E-Flow®, refer to
manufacturer’s directions along with CF Foundation.
o CF Foundation recommends using a different nebulizer for each medicine
o When using a face mask wipe out with alcohol pad
Your health care team may have given you this information as part of your care. If so, please use it and call if you
have any questions. If this information was not given to you as part of your care, please check with your doctor. This
is not medical advice. This is not to be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Because each
person’s health needs are different, you should talk with your doctor or others on your health care team when using
this information. If you have an emergency, please call 911. Copyright © 5/2015 University of Wisconsin Hospitals
and Clinics Authority. All rights reserved. Produced by the Department of Nursing. HF#7746