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Clinical Hub,Patient Education,Health and Nutrition Facts For You,Renal

Glomerulonephritis (8007)

Glomerulonephritis (8007) - Clinical Hub, Patient Education, Health and Nutrition Facts For You, Renal

8007

Glomerulonephritis
What is glomerulonephritis?
ξ Injury to small filters in the kidney
called glomeruli

ξ It can be come on suddenly (acute)
or slowly (chronic).
ξ It may occur on its own (primary) or
due to systemic disease like lupus,
diabetes (secondary).

Why does glomerulonephritis matter?
If not diagnosed and treated, it can lead to
complete and irreversible kidney failure.

Symptoms
ξ Pink/orange/red or coca cola colored
urine – this is due to leakage of
blood into the urine
ξ Foam/frothy urine – this is due to
leakage of protein into the urine
ξ Elevated blood test results for blood
urea nitrogen and creatinine – this is
due to toxins in the blood
ξ Swelling of legs and high blood
pressure – this is due to retaining salt
and water
Causes
This condition is often caused by the
immune system attacking your kidneys.
Infection can cause this or it can happen on
its own. Usually the immune system helps
us fight infections, but if the immune system
starts to recognize parts of kidney or body as
foreign, it will cause damage to them.
ξ Examples of infections could include
viral (e.g., HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis
C) or bacterial (e.g., strep throat)
ξ Autoimmune disease: Lupus,
vasculitis (inflammation of blood
vessels)
ξ Primary glomerulonephritis:
membranous nephropathy, IgA
nephropathy, FSGS (focal segmental
glomerulosclerosis)

Diagnosis
Various tests are required for diagnosis.
These tests can also help to find the cause.
ξ Urine tests look for blood and
protein
ξ Blood tests monitor BUN and serum
creatinine (waste products in body)
ξ Blood tests also look for viral
infections and autoimmune diseases
ξ Kidney biopsy is required to
diagnose glomerulonephritis

Treatment
Treatment usually depends on the cause of
glomerulonephritis. Goals of treatment are
to stop the injury in kidney. This will
prevent scarring in kidney. Blood pressure
medicines like ACE-inhibitors are often
used. These help decrease protein in the
urine. You could also need medicines to
suppress your immune system to prevent
further damage to kidney.

Organizations for More Information
Nephcure
150 S. Warner Road
Suite 402, King of Prussia, PA 19406
Telephone: 1.866 NephCure (637-4287)
Email: info@nephcure.org
Website:
https://nephcure.org/livingwithkidneydiseas
e/
National Kidney Foundation
30 East 33rd Street
New York, NY 10016
Toll-free: 800-622-9010
Telephone: 212-889-2210
Fax: 212-689-9261
Email: http://www.kidney.org/about/contact.
cfm
Website: http://www.kidney.org
American Kidney Fund, Inc.
6110 Executive Boulevard
Suite 1010
Rockville, MD 20852
Toll-free: 800-638-8299
Telephone: 301-881-3052
Email: helpline@kidneyfund.org
Website: http://www.kidneyfund.org
American Association of Kidney Patients
3505 E. Frontage Rd., Suite 315
Tampa, FL 33607-1796
Toll-free: 800-749-2257
Telephone: 813-636-8100
Fax: 813-636-8122
Email: info@aakp.org
Website: http://www.aakp.org
American Autoimmune Related Diseases
Association (AARDA)
22100 Gratiot Avenue Eastpointe
East Detroit, MI 48201-2227
Toll-free: 800-598-4668
Telephone: 586-776-3900
Fax: 586-776-3903
Email: aarda@aarda.org
Website: http://www.aarda.org/






References/Sources of Images
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) (2015, November).
Kidney biopsy. Retrieved from https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diagnostic-
tests/kidney-biopsy
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) (2014, April).
Glomerular diseases. Retrieved from https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/kidney-
disease/glomerular-diseases
Your health care team may have given you this information as part of your care. If so, please use it and call if you
have any questions. If this information was not given to you as part of your care, please check with your doctor. This
is not medical advice. This is not to be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Because each
person’s health needs are different, you should talk with your doctor or others on your health care team when using
this information. If you have an emergency, please call 911. Copyright © 09/2017 University of Wisconsin Hospitals
and Clinics Authority. All rights reserved. Produced by the Department of Nursing. HF#8007