My Child’s Lipoprotein (a) Level
What is Lp(a) ?
Lp(a) stands for Lipoprotein(a). It is a form
of LDL (low-density lipoprotein). LDL is
the “bad” particle that carries cholesterol. It
can attach to the artery wall and cause
Lp(a) is an LDL particle with a large protein
called “apo(a)” attached to the outer surface.
The apo(a) is like proteins that control blood
clotting. Higher levels of Lp(a) may increase
the risk of heart disease. Lp(a) may also lead
to early blockage in the arteries.
What is an elevated Lp(a) level?
ξ Desirable Lp(a) – Less than 30
ξ Borderline Lp(a) – 30-50 mg/dl
ξ Higher risk Lp(a) – Greater than
(Please note; the normal values may be
different depending on the lab. These are
the normal values for UW Hospital and
Higher Lp(a) usually means a higher risk for
heart disease, mainly in persons who have a
family history of heart disease. A high Lp(a)
level can raise the risk for heart disease even
if a person has normal or “good” cholesterol
What is the treatment for elevated Lp(a)?
Because elevated Lp(a) levels are
genetically determined, treatment can be
difficult. Some medicines may lower Lp(a).
The main treatment of higher Lp(a) is
careful control of all other causes of heart
disease, especially LDL cholesterol. If the
Lp(a) level is higher than is wanted, the
following will help lower overall heart
ξ Reducing LDL cholesterol levels
to less than 100 mg/dl
ξ Reducing high blood pressure
ξ Quitting smoking
ξ Maintaining good nutrition and
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have any questions. If this information was not given to you as part of your care, please check with your doctor. This
is not medical advice. This is not to be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Because each
person’s health needs are different, you should talk with your doctor or others on your health care team when using
this information. If you have an emergency, please call 911. Copyright © 2/2017 University of Wisconsin Hospitals
and Clinics Authority. All rights reserved. Produced by the Department of Nursing. HF#7617