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Heart Healthy Eating for Kids: Managing Cholesterol Levels (521)

Heart Healthy Eating for Kids: Managing Cholesterol Levels (521) - Clinical Hub, Patient Education, Health and Nutrition Facts For You, Pediatrics, Parenting


Managing Cholesterol Levels

Your doctor may recommend different levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL and LDL than the goals listed above.

Your health care team may have given you this information as part of your care. If so, please use it and call if you have any questions. If this information was
not given to you as part of your care, please check with your doctor. This is not medical advice. This is not to be used for diagnosis or treatment of any
medical condition. Because each person’s health needs are different, you should talk with your doctor or others on your health care team when using this
information. If you have an emergency, please call 911. Copyright © 9/2017 University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority. All rights reserved.
Produced by the Department of Nursing. HF#521
Total Cholesterol Triglycerides HDL (“Happy”) Cholesterol LDL (“Lousy”) Cholesterol
Goal (mg/dL) Less than 170
Less than 75 (ages 0-10)
Less than 90 (ages 10-19)

More than 45

Less than 110
Your levels:

A high blood cholesterol
level increases your risk of
heart disease.

Cholesterol is needed for all
parts of the body, including the
brain, muscles, organs, skin
and skeleton.

Your body makes its own
cholesterol and uses the
cholesterol from foods you eat.
Cholesterol is found only in
animal foods, not in plant foods.

Total cholesterol is
affected by:
ξ The amount of cholesterol
made by your body
ξ The amount of saturated fat,
fiber and total calories in your
ξ Your family background

A high triglyceride level
increases your risk of heart

Triglycerides are fats from food.
The body can also make
triglycerides from extra sugar
and calories in the diet.

To help lower triglycerides:
ξ Lose weight (if needed)
ξ Be physically active daily
ξ Avoid sweet drinks
o Soda, juice, kool-aid,
sweetened tea or coffee
ξ Limit starchy foods at meals
o Bread, rice, pasta,
potatoes, corn
ξ Enjoy small servings of sweet
treats and desserts
ξ Eat 3-4 smaller meals and
snacks rather than 1-2 large
meals per day

A low HDL level increases
your risk for heart disease.

HDL cholesterol helps clear out
your arteries. It is good to have
high HDL cholesterol.

To help raise HDL:
ξ Lose weight (if needed)
ξ Be physically active daily
o Choose exercise you
enjoy to make it easier to
reach goal of 60 minutes
per day
ξ Eat unsaturated fats daily
o Snack on a handful of
nuts or a serving of
peanut butter
o Cook with olive oil or
canola oil
ξ Eat fish 1-2 times per week
(salmon, sardines, tuna) Sea
A high LDL level increases
your risk of heart disease.

LDL cholesterol can clog your
arteries. This is why LDL is
often called bad cholesterol.

To help lower LDL:
ξ Eat less saturated fat
o High fat dairy products
o Fatty meats
o Deep-fried foods
ξ Eat more fiber
o Whole grain breads
o Whole grain cereals
o Oatmeal
o Fruits and vegetables
o Beans and peas

Unsaturated fats found in nuts,
olive oil and canola oil do not
raise your LDL level.