Clinical Hub,Patient Education,Health and Nutrition Facts For You,Orthopedics

A Patient's Guide to Shoulder Replacement at The American Center (7792)

A Patient's Guide to Shoulder Replacement at The American Center (7792) - Clinical Hub, Patient Education, Health and Nutrition Facts For You, Orthopedics


A Patient’s Guide To
Shoulder Replacement
at The American Center


Getting Ready
1. Pre-surgery physical: To assure you are in good health prior to surgery you
will need to have a pre-surgery physical exam within 30 days of surgery in
the Orthopedic Surgery Clinic. Our scheduler will help arrange this.

During this appointment, the surgery will be reviewed, you will get
instructions for surgery and the provider will do a thorough history and
exam. Make sure to mention to the provider if you take blood thinners or
have any implanted devices such as a pacemaker. Expect this appointment to
last 1-2 hours.

2. Specialists: Depending on your health history, you may also need to meet
with other specialists prior to surgery such as a cardiologist, rheumatologist
or lung doctor. Our scheduler will talk to you about this if necessary.

3. Dentist: Your dental health is important to prevent infection in your new
joint replacement. Dental care must be up to date prior to having a shoulder
replacement. Make sure you have had a dental cleaning and exam within 6
months of your surgery. If you have any new dental issues these will need to
be taken care of prior to your surgery.

4. Nicotine: Nicotine is known to slow down healing and cause other negative
health effects. If you use nicotine in any form (smoking, chewing tobacco,
nicotine gum or patch) you will be expected to stop all nicotine at least 1
month before surgery and through the recovery time after surgery. You will
have a lab test prior to surgery to assure there is no nicotine in your system.

Medicines to Stop Before Surgery
Do not take any nonsteroidal medicines such as aspirin, ibuprofen, Naproxen ,
Aleve , or Motrin for 1 week before surgery. You may take Tylenol if needed.

If you are on Coumadin (warfarin) or other blood thinners, you will need to stop
them before surgery with the guidance of the orthopedic provider or the healthcare
provider who prescribes them.


If you are taking medicines for arthritis, you may need to stop these before surgery.

Do not take herbal supplements 1 week prior to surgery, especially fish oil.

Planning Ahead
Many people who have a total joint replacement find it useful to plan ahead.

ξ Expect to be in the hospital for at least 1 night after surgery. You may need to
stay longer if you have problems with nausea, pain control or balance.

ξ Have someone ready to bring you home from the hospital the day after surgery.

ξ You should arrange for someone to stay with you at least for a few days after
surgery to help you out.

ξ Some people need further rehab or nursing home care. Please discuss this with
the Orthopedic Provider prior to surgery. A social worker or nurse case manager
can work with you to arrange for these services ahead of time. In most cases,
these cares are not covered under Medicare unless there are extenuating health
problems that qualify you for this type of care.

ξ To prevent falls after surgery, prepare your home in advance. Check your home
o Loose rugs or loose carpets. Remove all of them.
o Pets that may run in your path.
o Water spills.
o Bare slippery floors.
o Long cords across floor, such as phone or fan cords.
o Ice on steps and porches, etc.

The Day before Surgery
Because of unpredictable changes in the schedule due to emergencies, the time of
your surgery will not be set until the day before. A nurse will call you at the phone
number listed in your chart the day before your surgery (on the Friday before a
Monday surgery). Make sure we have your correct contact numbers. You will be
told when to arrive, where to go, and answer questions that you may have. Before

this call, please write down any remaining questions you have. If you get a call
from us by 4:00 pm, please call (608) 234-6698.

Try your best to have a restful night’s sleep. If you are coming from out of town,
you may wish to stay in Madison. The American Center Guest Services can
provide you with a list of nearby motels and arrange for your stay at a discount rate.
You may contact them at (608) 440-6242.

The night before surgery eat a light supper. Stop eating solid food after midnight
the morning of surgery. It is ok to drink clear liquids such as water or apple juice
until 4 hours before surgery starts. If you are the first surgery of the day, you may
not drink after midnight.

Shower with Hibiclens Chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) Soap the night before
surgery and the morning of surgery according to the directions on the brochure you
received. Make sure to wash all your skin from the neck down avoiding your
genitals. Pay close attention to your surgical shoulder. Make sure the soap stays on
your skin for at least 60 seconds.

Remove nail polish, make-up, and jewelry. Plan to leave any valuables at home.

The Morning of Surgery
With a sip of water, take only the medicines that you have been told to take.

Arrive to The American Center by ____________. Enter the hospital at the MAIN
ENTRANCE by Valet Parking. Check in on the 1st floor.

For going home, bring shoes that are easy to slip on, bottoms that are easy to pull
on and a shirt that buttons up the front or any loose fitting shirt large enough to go
over a bulky dressing.

Bring along any inhalers or CPAP equipment, eye glasses, eye drops, hearing aids,
dentures, prostheses, or other special equipment that you will need. Be sure these
items are labeled and in a case, if appropriate. Please do not bring bottles of
medicines with you unless you have been told to do so.

If you have diabetes, you will be given special instruction about your insulin
or oral medicines at your clinic visit.


A Note to Families

You can wait in the Surgical Waiting Area on the 1st floor near the Main Entrance.
If you have other family calling the hospital, please have them call (608) 440-6400.
After Surgery and Going Home

Occupational Therapy
On the day after surgery, an Occupational Therapist will visit with you in your
hospital room. The therapist will review precautions (see below) for your shoulder,
how to use the sling and get out of bed safely. If your surgeon feels you are ready to
start therapy, you will learn exercises. These exercises are designed to improve the
strength and flexibility of your arm without harming the surgical repair.

ξ Do not raise your surgical arm.
ξ Do not rotate your arm outward or away from your body.
ξ Wear the sling at all times except when doing your exercises, performing
hygiene or unless your doctor or therapist tells you otherwise.
ξ Keep the surgical dressing in place until it is removed at your post-operative
clinic visit.

Pain Relief
We want you to feel comfortable and able to do your exercises. Your doctor will
prescribe pain medicine for you. It may upset your stomach or cause constipation.
Eating something first will help. Or you may wish to take only half of the pill or
use over-the-counter drugs like Extra Strength Tylenol . Please avoid ibuprofen or
other NSAID type drugs.

You also need to be extra careful not to get an infection in the joint. Taking
antibiotics before and after certain procedures can reduce your risk. Let your doctor
or dentist know that you have had a joint replacement. Plan to take antibiotics
ξ Dental care, even routine cleaning
ξ Diagnostic procedures that could cause trauma to body tissues (colonoscopy,
endoscopy, some rectal exams or bladder exams)


Incision Care
Keep the dressing clean, dry and in place until you come back for your followup visit.

Cover the dressing with plastic and tape when you shower to keep it dry.

If swelling occurs, use an ice pack for 10-15 minutes until the area is numb.
After the dressing is removed in the clinic and the steri-strips fall off, it will be alright
to massage the scar, if it is no longer tender.

Short term: Common sense will tell you when you are over doing it. Too much
activity can cause pain and interfere with healing. Moderate activity helps in your
recovery. Too little activity can delay the return of your strength and stamina.
Keep doing the exercises you have been taught. They are important to your

Long term: There will be long term restrictions for most shoulder replacements. For
instance, the recoil from a firearm can dislocate the new shoulder joint; and
therefore, using rifles and shotguns will be restricted forever. Bench pressing
weights as well as heavy, repetitive lifting over head is not allowed.

You will be wearing a sling to support your arm for 4-6 weeks. It may be removed
only when doing exercises and for bathing, when allowed.

You must sleep with your arm in the sling for 4-6 weeks. Most people feel more
comfortable sleeping more upright propped with pillows or in a recliner.

You may bathe or shower as long as the incision bandage stays dry. Use plastic and
tape to cover it. At your first clinic visit, the dressing is removed, and you will be
allowed to get the incision wet.

Dental Care
People who have had a joint replacement are at high risk for infections. Infection
of a joint implant can occur when bacteria enters the bloodstream. Before having

any dental, medical or surgical procedure, tell your doctor or dentist of your joint
replacement or metal implant. To prevent infection, you may need an antibiotic
before the procedure. If you have further questions, please call our office or your
primary care doctor.

Activity Restrictions

Driving: Do not drive when taking any prescribed pain pills. Your surgeon
will let you know when you can drive.

Lifting: No lifting with your operative arm for 6-8 weeks.

Housework: Any activity you can do with one hand is allowed.

Sports: No sports for 3-6 months or per your doctor’s instructions.

Clinic Visits

You will be scheduled for a clinic visit 7-10 days after surgery. After the first visit
you will return again in 4-6 weeks. Other visits are based on your progress.


You will start formal therapy soon after your surgery through UW Health. If you
have a therapist you trust closer to home or your insurance requires a certain
therapy group, you may have therapy with that therapist. Ask for a copy of the
Therapy Protocol your doctor uses to give to your local therapist. You will be
responsible for making therapy appointments outside of UW Health.

Below are some of the first exercises you might be taught. Please note that some of
them might not be right for you. Your doctor and Occupational Therapist will talk
with you about the best exercise program
for you.

Upper Extremity
Perform pendulum exercises while
standing and bending at the waist. Support
your uninvolved arm on a table or chair
and allow your involved arm to hang


Pendulum Exercise 1

1. Keep your elbow straight throughout the exercise.
2. Use your body to make clockwise circles with your arm for one minute.
3. Reverse the direction and make counterclockwise circles for one minute.
4. Gradually increase the size of the circles.
Repeat __________times.

Pendulum Exercise 2

1. Keep your elbow straight throughout the
2. Use your body to swing your arm up toward
your head, and then back along the side of
your body.
3. Repeat for one minute.
Repeat __________ times

Pendulum Exercise 3

1. Keep your elbow straight throughout the exercise.
2. Use your body to bring your arm across your chest, and then out to the side of
your body, in a side-to-side motion.
3. Repeat for one minute.

Repeat ____________ times.

Special instructions


Important Phone Numbers

Before Surgery & After Surgery Unit ............................... (608) 234-6698

Guest Services ................................................................... (608) 440-6242

Hospital Paging Operator ................................................... (608) 262-0486

Patient Information (for room number) ............................. (608) 440-6400

The American Center Pharmacy ........................................ (608) 240-4265

To speak with a financial counselor or verify insurance ... (608) 261-1600

Toll-Free ............................................................................. 1-800-323-8942

Your health care team may have given you this information as part of your care. If so, please use it and call if you
have any questions. If this information was not given to you as part of your care, please check with your doctor. This
is not medical advice. This is not to be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Because each
person’s health needs are different, you should talk with your doctor or others on your health care team when using
this information. If you have an emergency, please call 911. Copyright ©8/2017. University of Wisconsin Hospitals
and Clinics Authority. All rights reserved. Produced by the Department of Nursing. HF#7792.