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Colposcopy (4596)

Colposcopy (4596) - Clinical Hub, Patient Education, Health and Nutrition Facts For You, OB, GYN, Womens Health, Infertility



Colposcopy is an exam of the cervix, vagina, and/or vulva using a microscope. This handout
tells you what to expect before, during, and after colposcopy.

Reasons you may need this exam

1. If you had an abnormal pap smear.
2. If you have had genital warts.
3. If you or your mother took a medicine called DES (diethylstilbestrol).
4. To see this part of your body more closely.

Before the Procedure

1. Do not take aspirin products for 7 to 10 days before the exam.
2. Do not use creams or gels in the vagina before the exam for at least 2 days.
3. Do not have sexual intercourse or use a douche one day before the exam.
4. Pain medicine is usually not needed, but if you wish, you may take 2 ibuprofen tablets
(200mg each) one hour before the exam.

During the Procedure

This exam lasts up to 30 minutes. You will undress from the waist down and lie in the same way
you would for a pelvic exam. The exam table is raised and lowered during the exam to better see
the cervix. The doctor will insert a speculum and look into the vagina using the scope. The
scope does not go into the vagina. You may feel some movement inside the vagina when the
doctor swabs the cervix and vagina (a Pap smear). A cold spray (vinegar mixture) may be used
to help see better. Sometimes this mixture causes mild stinging. The doctor may remove small
pieces of tissue (do a biopsy). You may feel pressure or pinching during the biopsy.

After Exam Care

If a biopsy is done

1. You may have bleeding (like a period) and discharge with flecks of old, dark blood for 2 to 7
2. You should not use tampons (unless told to do so), douche, or have intercourse for one week.
3. The doctor will let you know the results of your exam. The biopsy and Pap smear results
take two weeks to return.
4. If you have any questions, please call your doctor.

Call Your Doctor

1. If bleeding is heavier than a normal period.
2. If pain occurs and lasts more than a few hours.
3. If your temperature is above 100.4º F for 2 readings taken 4 hours apart.
4. If you have a lot of discharge or if it smells foul.

Phone Numbers

UW Health- Managed OB Clinics
UW Health West
OB/GYN Clinic
451 Junction Rd
Madison WI 53717
(608) 265-7601
UW Health East
OB/GYN Clinic
5249 E Terrace Pkwy
Madison WI 53718
(608) 265-1230

UW Health Benign
Gynecology Clinic
600 Highland Ave
Madison WI 53792
(608) 263-6240

UW Health
600 Highland Ave
Madison WI 53792
(608) 263-1548

UWMF- Managed OB Clinics
OB/GYN Clinic
20 S. Park, Suite 307
Madison, WI 53715
(608) 287-2830

East Towne
4122 East Towne
Madison, WI 53704
(608) 242-6840
West Towne
7102 Mineral Point Rd.
Madison, WI 53717
(608) 828-7610
5543 East Cheryl
Fitchburg, WI 53711
(608) 274-5300
UW Arboretum OB/GYN Clinic
1102 S. Park Street
Madison, WI 53715
(608) 287-5898

The Spanish version of this Health Facts for You is #5601

Your health care team may have given you this information as part of your care. If so, please use it and call if you
have any questions. If this information was not given to you as part of your care, please check with your doctor. This
is not medical advice. This is not to be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Because each
person’s health needs are different, you should talk with your doctor or others on your health care team when using
this information. If you have an emergency, please call 911. Copyright © 2/2015 University of Wisconsin Hospitals
and Clinics Authority, All Rights Reserved. Produced by the Department of Nursing. HF#4596