Substitution Solutions – Milk, Eggs, Flour
Replace 1 cup cow's milk with one of these below:
ξ 1 cup soy milk (plain)
ξ 1 cup rice milk
ξ 1 cup water
ξ 1 cup coconut milk
ξ 1 cup goat's milk, if tolerated
ξ 1 cup hemp milk
Replace 1 large egg with one of these below:
ξ 3 tablespoons unsweetened applesauce (or other fruit puree) + 1 teaspoon baking powder
ξ 1 tablespoon flax meal, chia seed or salba seed + 3 tablespoons hot water. (Let stand,
stirring occasionally, about 10 minutes or until thick. Use without straining.)
ξ Egg Replacer, according to package directions
ξ 4 tablespoons pureed silken tofu + 1 teaspoon baking powder
Replacing more than two eggs will change the integrity of a recipe. For recipes that call for a lot
of eggs, like a quiche, use pureed silken tofu. Because egg substitutions add moisture, you may
have to increase baking times slightly.
Note: To replace one egg white, dissolve 1 tablespoon plain agar powder into 1 tablespoon
water. Beat, chill for 15 minutes and beat again.
All-Purpose Flour Blend
Use this blend for all your gluten-free baking.
ξ 1/2 cup rice flour
ξ 1/4 cup tapioca starch/flour
ξ 1/4 cup cornstarch or potato starch
Each cup contains 436 calories, 1g total fat, 0g saturated fat, 0g trans fat, 0mg cholesterol, 99g
carbohydrate, 3mg sodium, 2g fiber, 5g protein
What is the most important thing you learned from this handout?
What changes will you make in your diet/lifestyle, based on what you learned today?
If you are a UW Health patient and have more questions please contact UW Health at one of the
phone numbers listed below. You can also visit our website at www.uwhealth.org/nutrition.
Nutrition clinics for UW Hospital and Clinics (UWHC) and American Family Children’s
Hospital (AFCH) can be reached at: (608) 890-5500.
Nutrition clinics for UW Medical Foundation (UWMF) can be reached at: (608) 287-2770.
Your health care team may have given you this information as part of your care. If so, please use it and call if you
have any questions. If this information was not given to you as part of your care, please check with your doctor. This
is not medical advice. This is not to be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Because each
person’s health needs are different, you should talk with your doctor or others on your health care team when using
this information. If you have an emergency, please call 911. Copyright 4/2015 University of Wisconsin Hospital and
Clinics Authority. All rights reserved. Produced by the Clinical Nutrition Services Department and the Department of