Clinical Hub,Patient Education,Health and Nutrition Facts For You,Nutrition

Oncology: Managing Symptoms from Cancer and Cancer Treatments (226)

Oncology: Managing Symptoms from Cancer and Cancer Treatments (226) - Clinical Hub, Patient Education, Health and Nutrition Facts For You, Nutrition


Managing Symptoms from Cancer Treatments
Symptoms from cancer treatments may make it hard to eat. These tips will help you manage
your symptoms and maintain good nutrition.

Eating Problem Management Strategies
Sore Mouth or
ξ Choose foods that are bland, soft, moist and at room temperature
ξ Citrus fruits/juices, tomato products, spicy/salty foods, and
rough/dry foods may cause pain
ξ Talk with your medical team about prescription mouthwash and
medicines that ease pain

Dry Mouth ξ Take sips of fluid throughout the day
ξ Moisten foods with broth, soup, sauce, gravy, butter or margarine
ξ Suck on ice chips, frozen pieces of fruit, Italian ice, and popsicles
ξ Sugarless gum or sucking on candy may help stimulate saliva
ξ Try dry mouth products by Biotene®, OraMoist®, Orajel®,
MedActive®, Act®, and MighTeaFlow®

Altered Taste ξ Try tart flavors like lemonade or citrus fruits and pickled foods like
pickles, coleslaw, and olives
ξ Add extra flavoring to foods: spices or herbs, mustard, ketchup,
lemon/lime juice, sauces (barbecue, tartar, horseradish, steak sauce),
ξ If red meat tastes strange try other proteins like chicken, turkey, fish,
eggs, dairy products, beans, or tofu
ξ Try marinating and cooking meats in sweet juices, acidic dressings
or marinades (sweet-and-sour pork with pineapple or chicken with
honey lime glaze)

Nausea ξ Have crackers, toast, or dry cereal in the morning to help settle your
ξ Instead of large meals, eat small portions every 1-3 hours
ξ Avoid foods that are fatty, greasy or spicy
ξ Select bland, mild foods

Diarrhea ξ Stay hydrated. Take frequent sips of clear fluids.
ξ Choose bland, mild foods
ξ Avoid foods that are fatty, greasy
ξ Avoid caffeine and alcohol
ξ If you think you are intolerant to dairy, avoid or limit dairy products
like milk and ice cream. Lactaid® milk, soy milk, almond milk,
yogurt, and mozzarella cheese sticks may be tolerated.

Recommended Foods Lists
The foods below make good snacks or can be combined to make small meals.

Bland Foods for Nausea and Diarrhea

Moist/Soft Foods

Bread/toast, bagels (plain), English muffin, Cornbread, Pancakes,
Waffles, Pasta, Couscous, Rice cakes (plain), Tortillas, Rice, Crackers,
Cereals (Rice Krispies®, Corn flakes, Crispex®, Cheerios), Pretzels,
Cream of Rice®, Cream of Wheat®, Grits, Oatmeal


Fish (no breading), Beef (lean cuts), Chicken or Turkey (without skin,
roasted, baked, grilled, well-cooked), Eggs (scrambled, soft or hard
boiled, poached), Tofu (cooked), Lunch meats (ham/turkey/chicken),
Soups (broth based), Peanut butter (creamy)
As tolerated
Well cooked vegetables. Try the following: Carrots, Green beans,
Squash, Zucchini, Sweet potatoes, Potatoes (baked, boiled, or mashed
without skin)


Fresh fruits: Bananas, Watermelon, Honeydew, Cantaloupe, Peaches/
Pears/Apples (peeled). Canned fruits: Applesauce, Peaches, Pears,
Mandarin Oranges
As tolerated
Milk (skim or 1%, almond/soy/rice milk), Yogurt, Cottage cheese (2%
or less), Mozzarella and Cheddar cheese

Plain cookies or cakes (Angel food cake, Sponge cake, Vanilla wafers),
Flavored Gelatin, Popsicle, Sherbet, Sorbet, Frozen yogurt, Low fat Ice
Cream, Low fat Pudding
Beverages Clear Sodas (choose caffeine-free if able), Sport Drinks, Decaffeinated
teas, Apple juice, Cranberry juice, Rice milk, Almond milk, Soy milk,
Lactaid® milk, Ginger Ale, Ginger or Chamomile Tea, Fruit punch

French Toast with syrup, Cooked Cereals, Cold Cereals in milk, Pasta
or Rice in sauce

Ground meats (Meatloaf, Patties, Casseroles), Poultry (Chicken salad,
Chicken pot pie, Crockpot meat, Canned chicken, Casseroles), Fish (no
breading), Canned tuna, Egg salad, Quiche, Omelet, Soft boiled egg,
Poached egg, Scrambled eggs, Tofu, Macaroni and cheese, Cheese
cubes, Grated cheese on soup or casserole, Cheese sauce on vegetables
or potato, Creamy peanut butter, Hummus, Soups (creamy, broth,
pureed soups)

Soft cooked or pureed fruits, Soft cooked vegetables, Cream or pureed
soups, Mashed potatoes, Applesauce, Ripe Bananas, Watermelon,
Grapes, Frozen fruits
Dairy Milkshakes, Cottage cheese, Yogurt/Greek Yogurt, Frozen Yogurt,
Cheese (sticks or slices), Chocolate milk, Powdered milk mixed into
casseroles/soups/shakes, Malts/milkshakes, Smoothies, Hot Cocoa
made with milk

Flavored Gelatin, Sherbet, Fruit Ices, Ice Pops, Pudding, Pudding Pop,
Ice cream, Cheesecake, Mousse

Teach Back
What is the most important thing you learned from this handout?

What changes will you make in your diet/lifestyle, based on what you learned today?

If you have more questions please contact UW Health at one of the phone number listed below.
You can also visit our website at www.uwhealth.org/nutrition. Nutrition clinics for UW Hospital
and Clinics (UWHC) and American Family Children’s Hospital (AFCH) can be reached at:
(608) 890-5500. Nutrition clinics for UW Medical Foundation (UWMF) can be reached at:
(608) 287-2770.

Your health care team may have given you this information as part of your care. If so, please use it and call if you
have any questions. If this information was not given to you as part of your care, please check with your doctor. This
is not medical advice. This is not to be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Because each
person’s health needs are different, you should talk with your doctor or others on your health care team when using
this information. If you have an emergency, please call 911. Copyright © 4/2017 University of Wisconsin Hospitals
and Clinics Authority. All rights reserved. Produced by the Clinical Nutrition Services Department and the Department
of Nursing. HF#226.