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Clinical Hub,Patient Education,Health and Nutrition Facts For You,Nutrition

Pediatric Healthy Eating: High Calorie Diet for Children (195)

Pediatric Healthy Eating: High Calorie Diet for Children (195) - Clinical Hub, Patient Education, Health and Nutrition Facts For You, Nutrition

195

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High Calorie Diet for Children

Many toddlers, kids, and teens need to eat high calorie diets to help with weight gain,
catch-up growth, and recovery from illness. Sometimes, this can be harder than it seems.
This guide was designed to make it easier to choose a healthy, high calorie diet.

Ways to add calories to the diet include:
ξ Eating small, frequent meals by adding extra snacks during and after school and
before bedtime.
ξ Adding calories with nutritional supplements.
ξ Cooking with extra calories.
ξ Choosing higher calorie versions of your favorite foods.

We will explore each of these ideas in detail to help you on your way…

Eating Small, Frequent Meals

Often it is hard to eat a high calorie diet if you get full easily. Eating 6 times per day
instead of 3 times per day may help. For example, you might try the following schedule:

7:00 am: bagel with cream cheese, banana, and 8 ounces whole milk
10:00 am: 6 ounces custard style yogurt
12:00 pm: peanut butter and jelly sandwich, fruit cup, 8 ounces whole milk
3:00 pm: ½ cup trail mix
6:00 pm: 1 cup pasta with meat sauce and cheese, carrots, and celery with dip, 8 ounces
whole milk
8:00 pm: 8 ounce milkshake

The snacks add up to an extra 900 calories per day.

Remember that regular snacks in between meals are not the same thing as grazing.
Munching on food and beverages throughout the day tends to reduce appetite. Only allow
water between meals and snacks.

Adding Calories with Nutritional Supplements

There are many nutritional supplements that can be added to a meal in place of a lower
calorie beverage or used for high calorie snacks. For example, an 8 ounce cup of 2%
milk provides 120 calories while an 8 ounce glass of whole milk mixed with Carnation
Instant Breakfast® powder provides 280 calories. You can also use liquid supplements in
cooking and to make shakes, smoothies, or puddings. Try adding unflavored calorie
powders to foods. These products can be found at drug stores, grocery stores, or through
mail order. Check with your health care provider to find out if you can get any of these at
a reduced cost or for free.

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Product Manufacturer Form Calories Flavors Other
Pediasure® Abbott Liquid 240 per
8 oz
Vanilla,
strawberry,
chocolate,
banana,
berry
Lactose/gluten free,
milk based
Pediasure
1.5®
Abbott Liquid 350 per
8 oz
Vanilla Lactose/gluten free,
milk based
Carnation
Instant
Breakfast
Essentials®
Nestle Liquid 240 per
8 oz
Vanilla,
strawberry,
and
chocolate
Contains lactose
Boost Kids
Essentials®
Nestle Liquid 240 per
8 oz
Vanilla,
strawberry
and
chocolate
Lactose/gluten free,
milk based
Boost Kids
Essentials
1.5®
Nestle Liquid 360 per
8 oz
Vanilla,
strawberry,
and
chocolate
Lactose/gluten free,
milk based
Ensure
Original®
Abbott Liquid 220 per
8 oz
Vanilla,
milk and
dark
chocolate,
strawberry,
butter
pecan,
coffee latte
Lactose/gluten free,
milk based
Ensure Plus® Abbott Liquid 350 per
8 oz
Vanilla,
milk and
dark
chocolate,
strawberry,
butter
pecan
Lactose/gluten free,
milk based
Resource
Breeze®
Nestle Liquid 250 per
8 oz
Berry,
orange, and
peach
Lactose/gluten free,
juice based; contains
protein
Ensure Clear
Therapeutic®
Abbott Liquid 200 per
8 oz
Apple and
berry
Lactose/gluten free,
juice based; contains
protein

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Carnation
Instant
Breakfast
Essentials®
Nestle Powder 280
when
mixed
with 8
oz
whole
milk
Vanilla,
milk and
dark
chocolate,
strawberry,
chocolate
malt
Contains lactose and
traces of gluten
Scandishake® Order through
Foundation
Care
Powder 600
when
mixed
with 8
oz
whole
milk
Vanilla,
strawberry,
caramel,
and banana
Available in lactose
free powder; check
aptalispharma.com
for recipes
DuoCal® Nutricia Powder 42 per
Tbsp
Unflavored Dissolves in food to
add carbohydrate and
fat calories; milk
protein free; check
www.myduocal.com
for recipes
Scandical® Order through
Foundation
Care
Powder 35 per
Tbsp
Unflavored Dissolves in food to
add carbohydrate and
fat calories
Beneprotein® Nestle Powder 25 per
scoop
Unflavored Dissolves in
food/liquid to add
protein calories;
lactose free; contains
whey protein
Boost
Pudding®
Nestle Single serve
pudding
240 per
5 oz
Vanilla,
chocolate
High calorie pudding
Ensure
Pudding®
Abbott Single serve
pudding
170 per
4 oz
Vanilla,
chocolate,
butterscotch
High calorie pudding

Check for store brands that cost less money.

This is a list of standard supplements and is not all inclusive. Please check with your
registered dietitian if you need a specialty formula or have food allergies.

If you do not want to use a commercial product, you can make a homemade high calorie
shake with ice cream or whole milk yogurt, protein powder, fruit and/or veggies, ground
flax seed, and nut butters.

Cooking with Extra Calories

There are many ways to add calories to your favorite dishes and foods while adding extra
flavor and nutrients.

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Meat and Meat Alternatives
ξ Add diced or ground meat, poultry, fish, tofu or eggs to soups, casseroles,
quiches, sandwich fillings, dips, or salads.
ξ Dried peas, beans, or tofu can be cooked/pureed and added to casseroles,
vegetables, pasta, and grain dishes.
ξ Spread peanut butter, sunflower seed butter, soy nut butter, or cashew/almond
butter on fruits and vegetables. Add it to sandwiches, crackers, toast, waffles,
pancakes, bagels, cookies, and muffins.
ξ Use nuts* and seeds to garnish vegetables, entrees, salads, and desserts. Have
nuts, seeds, or trail mix for snacks. *(Use ground nuts for children under 3 years
of age).
ξ Spread hummus on pita bread or use as a dip with raw vegetables.
ξ Stir whey powder into casseroles, pudding, or yogurt.
Starches, Breads and Cereals
ξ Add wheat germ to meat, bread, muffin and pancake recipes. Sprinkle it on fruit,
ice cream, yogurt, vegetables, and toast to add a crunchy topping.
ξ Sprinkle granola on cereal, ice cream, or yogurt.
ξ Mix Scandical® or Duocal® into bread, muffin, and pancake recipes.
Dairy Products
ξ Use whole milk rather than 2% or skim milk.
ξ Make “super milk” by blending milk with dry milk powder using one cup dry
powder for each quart (or 4 cups) of milk. Substitute this for regular milk in
cooking when possible. You can also make a mixture of half milk and cream.
ξ Use milk or cream instead of water in soups, cocoa, pudding mixes, hot cereal and
baked products.
ξ Add dry milk powder by mixing one or more tablespoons into foods. Use it in
eggs, soups, mashed potatoes, pastas, ground meats, casseroles, desserts,
milkshakes, puddings, yogurts, muffins, and hot cereals.
ξ Mix Carnation Instant Breakfast Powder® or Scandishake® into milk or shakes.
ξ Use cheese or cheese spread on sliced fruit, crackers, or bread.
ξ Add grated cheese or chunks of cheese to sauces, vegetables, soups, rice, mashed
potatoes, noodles, and casseroles. Melt cheese on sandwiches, hamburgers,
vegetables, and eggs.
ξ Spread cream cheese on sandwiches, fruit slices, and crackers. Roll cream cheese
into balls and coat with chopped nuts, wheat germ, or granola.
ξ Dip fruit in yogurt or flavored sour cream.
Fruits and Vegetables
ξ Add dried fruits (raisins, apricots, papaya, apples, berries, and plums) to muffins,
cookies, breads, cakes, rice, cereals and stuffings. Combine dried fruits with
cooked vegetables such as carrots, sweet potatoes, and squash. Mix with nuts or
granola for high calorie snacks. Dried fruit also makes a great snack.
ξ Add sliced avocado to sandwiches and salads. Dip vegetables and chips in
guacamole.

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Fats
ξ Spread mayonnaise on breads.
ξ Use butter or margarine on breads, hot cereals, noodles, eggs, and vegetables.
ξ Sprinkle shredded coconut on trail mix, cereal, oatmeal, ice cream, and yogurt.
ξ Add large black or green olives to salads, tacos, nachos, and pastas.
ξ Drizzle vegetable oil over noodles and vegetables or use when making eggs.
ξ Add ground flaxseed powder to muffin, pancake, and cookie batters or mix into
smoothies.
ξ Spread Nutella® (a chocolate hazelnut spread) on bagels, toast, waffles, or fruit.


Choosing Higher Calorie Versions of your Favorite Foods

Instead of eating corn flakes or rice cereal, try:
ξ Frosted Wheat Biscuits
ξ Raisin Bran
ξ Granola
ξ General Mills Honey Nut Clusters®
ξ Post Cranberry Crunch, Banana Nut Crunch or Blueberry Morning®
ξ Kashi® Vanilla Graham Clusters, Cinnamon Crumble, Toasted Berry Crumble, or
Oat Flakes and Blueberry Clusters
ξ Kellogg’s Cracklin’ Oat Bran®

Instead of eating regular, low fat yogurt, try:
ξ Whole milk yogurt or cottage cheese (often labeled as 4% fat)
ξ Yogurt with maple syrup added
ξ Stonyfield Farms® organic whole milk
ξ Pudding made with whole milk or cream
ξ Greek yogurt which has extra protein

Instead of making sandwiches on regular bread, try:
ξ High calorie whole grain breads like Brownberry®, Natural Ovens®, or Earth
Grains®
ξ Whole grain bagels
ξ Whole grain pita pockets
ξ Large flour tortillas

Instead of snacking on a low fat granola bar, try:
ξ Power Bars®
ξ Clif Bars®
ξ Balance Bars®
ξ Trail mix
ξ Chocolate covered granola bars
ξ Pretzels stuffed with nut butter or cheese


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Teach Back

What is the most important thing you learned from this handout?

What changes will you make in your diet/lifestyle, based on what you learned today?



If you are a UW Health patient and have more questions please contact UW Health at one
of the phone numbers listed below. You can also visit our website at
www.uwhealth.org/nutrition



Nutrition clinics for UW Hospital and Clinics (UWHC) and American Family Children’s
Hospital (AFCH) can be reached at: (608) 890-5500.

Nutrition clinics for UW Medical Foundation (UWMF) can be reached at:
(608) 287-2770




















Your health care team may have given you this information as part of your care. If so, please use it and call
if you have any questions. If this information was not given to you as part of your care, please check with
your doctor. This is not medical advice. This is not to be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical
condition. Because each person’s health needs are different, you should talk with your doctor or others on
your health care team when using this information. If you have an emergency, please call 911. Copyright ©
3/2015 University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority. All rights reserved. Produced by the Clinical
Nutrition Services Department and the Department of Nursing. HF#195