Dementia is term for a drop in mental
ability bad enough to disturb everyday
Dementia happens because of changes in the
brain. There are many types of dementia.
Alzheimer’s is the most common type of
dementia. Dementia is not a normal part of
Here are some basic facts about dementia:
- Early findings can help make quality
of life and planning for the future
- Exercise and a healthy blood
pressure can make quality of life
- Symptoms of memory loss usually
- Changes in mood or behavior are
common as dementia develops.
- Making choices and learning new
skills can become hard. Examples
may include problems with: driving,
keeping track of money, cooking, or
using the telephone.
- As dementia gets worse, symptoms
can include problems with speech
and being understood.
Body language may be used to tell what the
person’s needs are. Walking back and forth
or restlessness can be a sign of pain or
needing to go to the bathroom..
People with advanced dementia can find
changes in their living area upsetting. This
includes changes in temperature, noise and
- As dementia gets worse, simple tasks
such as walking, eating and drinking
can become hard.
- Daily routines and schedules can be
- Home safety is important. Think
about ways to stop accidents.
If you have any questions or need help,
contact your health care provider, the local
Alzheimer’s Association, and/or the Aging
and Disability Resource Center (ADRC) in
Alzheimer’s Association. (2017). What is
Dementia? Retrieved from:
Annear, M.J.et al (2015). Dementia
Knowledge Assessment Scale: Development
Preliminary Psychometric Properties.
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society,
Your health care team may have given you this information as part of your care. If so, please use it and call if you
have any questions. If this information was not given to you as part of your care, please check with your doctor. This
is not medical advice. This is not to be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Because each
person’s health needs are different, you should talk with your doctor or others on your health care team when using
this information. If you have an emergency, please call 911. Copyright © 9/2017 University of Wisconsin Hospitals
and Clinics Authority. All rights reserved. Produced by the Department of Nursing. HF#7998