The medicine you need must be given in
fatty or subcutaneous tissue. The steps
are described below.
1. Wash hands well with soap and water.
Clean the area where you will give the
shot with soap and water or an alcohol
pad. Allow it to dry. Sit in a comfortable
position so you can clearly see where you
will give the shot. Avoid any scars,
bruises, or swollen areas.
2. Pull the cap straight off of the needle
using care to avoid poking yourself. Keep
the needle sterile once you have removed
the cap; do not set the needle down or
touch the needle. Hold the syringe like a
pencil in the hand that you write with.
3. If you were taught to pinch up skin:
ξ With the other hand, gently pinch the
clean spot between your thumb and
fingers to make a fold in the skin. Be
sure to hold the skin fold until the
injection is complete.
4. If you were taught NOT to pinch up
ξ Hold the syringe or pen with one hand;
keep your other hand away from the
5. Insert the needle into the skin fold,
holding the syringe at a 90 θ angle. If you
have very little fatty tissue or are using
longer needles, you may need to inject at a
45 θ angle. (See pictures below.) Ask your
health care team what is best for you.
6. Reach up with your pointer finger to
the syringe plunger. Press down until
all of the medicine has been pushed
out and into the fatty tissue.
7. Remove the needle by gently and
quickly pulling it out and away from
the skin fold. You can now let go of
the skin fold. Do not rub the site after
you are finished. Rubbing may bruise
the site or affect how the medicine is
8. Drop the used syringe or pen needle -
needle first - into the “Sharps Box” or
other hard plastic container. Close the
lid and move the box out of the reach
Your health care team may have given you this information as part of your care. If so, please use it and call if you
have any questions. If this information was not given to you as part of your care, please check with your doctor. This
is not medical advice. This is not to be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Because each
person’s health needs are different, you should talk with your doctor or others on your health care team when using
this information. If you have an emergency, please call 911. Copyright © 12/2015 University of Wisconsin Hospitals
and Clinics Authority. All rights reserved. Produced by the Department of Nursing. HF#4211