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Braden Scale

Braden Scale - Clinical Hub, UW Health Clinical Tool Search, UW Health Clinical Tool Search, Questionnaires


BRADEN SCALE FOR PREDICTING PRESSURE SORE RISK

Patient=s Name _____________________________________ Evaluator =s Name________________________________ Date of Assessment









SENSORY PERCEPTION

ability to respond meaning-
fully to pressure-related
discomfort


1. Completely Limited
Unresponsive (does not moan,
flinch, or grasp) to painful
stimuli, due to diminished level of
con-sciousness or sedation.
OR
limited ability to feel
pain over most of body

2. Very Limited
Responds only to painful
stimuli. Cannot communicate
discomfort except by moaning
or restlessness
OR
has a sensory impairment which
limits the ability to feel pain or
discomfort over 2 of body.


3. Slightly Limited
Responds to verbal com-
mands, but cannot always
communicate discomfort or the
need to be turned.
OR
has some sensory impairment
which limits ability to feel pain
or discomfort in 1 or 2 extremities.

4. No Impairment
Responds to verbal
commands. Has no
sensory deficit which would
limit ability to feel or voice
pain or discomfort..









MOISTURE

degree to which skin is
exposed to moisture

1. Constantly Moist
Skin is kept moist almost
constantly by perspiration, urine,
etc. Dampness is detected
every time patient is moved or
turned.

2. Very Moist
Skin is often, but not always moist.
Linen must be changed at least
once a shift.

3. Occasionally Moist:
Skin is occasionally moist, requiring
an extra linen change approximately
once a day.

4. Rarely Moist
Skin is usually dry, linen
only requires changing at
routine intervals.









ACTIVITY

degree of physical activity

1. Bedfast
Confined to bed.

2. Chairfast
Ability to walk severely limited or
non-existent. Cannot bear own
weight and/or must be assisted into
chair or wheelchair.

3. Walks Occasionally
Walks occasionally during day, but
for very short distances, with or
without assistance. Spends
majority of each shift in bed or chair

4. Walks Frequently
Walks outside room at least
twice a day and inside room
at least once every two
hours during waking hours









MOBILITY

ability to change and control
body position

1. Completely Immobile
Does not make even slight
changes in body or extremity
position without assistance

2. Very Limited
Makes occasional slight changes in
body or extremity position but
unable to make frequent or
significant changes independently.

3. Slightly Limited
Makes frequent though slight
changes in body or extremity
position independently.

4. No Limitation
Makes major and frequent
changes in position without
assistance.









NUTRITION

usual food intake pattern

1. Very Poor
Never eats a complete meal.
Rarely eats more than a of any
food offered. Eats 2 servings or
less of protein (meat or dairy
products) per day. Takes fluids
poorly. Does not take a liquid
dietary supplement
OR
is NPO and/or maintained on
clear liquids or IV=s for more
than 5 days.

2. Probably Inadequate
Rarely eats a complete meal and
generally eats only about 2 of any
food offered. Protein intake
includes only 3 servings of meat or
dairy products per day.
Occasionally will take a dietary
supplement.
OR
receives less than optimum amount
of liquid diet or tube feeding

3. Adequate
Eats over half of most meals. Eats
a total of 4 servings of protein
(meat, dairy products per day.
Occasionally will refuse a meal, but
will usually take a supplement when
offered
OR
is on a tube feeding or TPN
regimen which probably meets
most of nutritional needs

4. Excellent
Eats most of every meal.
Never refuses a meal.
Usually eats a total of 4 or
more servings of meat and
dairy products.
Occasionally eats between
meals. Does not require
supplementation.









FRICTION & SHEAR


1. Problem
Requires moderate to maximum
assistance in moving. Complete
lifting without sliding against
sheets is impossible. Frequently
slides down in bed or chair,
requiring frequent repositioning
with maximum assistance.
Spasticity, contractures or
agitation leads to almost
constant friction

2. Potential Problem
Moves feebly or requires minimum
assistance. During a move skin
probably slides to some extent
against sheets, chair, restraints or
other devices. Maintains relatively
good position in chair or bed most
of the time but occasionally slides
down.

3. No Apparent Problem
Moves in bed and in chair
independently and has sufficient
muscle strength to lift up
completely during move. Maintains
good position in bed or chair.











8 Copyright Barbara Braden and Nancy Bergstrom, 1988 All rights reserved Total Score